Dr. Kimaro is a Tanzanian clinic researcher employed by National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Tanzania. He has background in medicine as he holds a Degree of Medicine (MD) and Masters in international Health. He has been involved in a number of projects related to HIV, TB, mother and child, and non-communicable diseases in Tanzania. Dr Kimaro is now finalising his PhD (part-time) at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). As part of his PhD, Dr Kimaro is studying ways in which antiretroviral therapy in Africa should be organised for HIV-infected people who present with advanced disease. This includes evaluating novel approaches to screening for tuberculosis and cryptococcal meningitis, the two major killers of HIV-infected people, and the costs associated with delivering different aspects of HIV care. Currently he is the country (Tanzania) Principal investigator of the multicounty implementation research grant funded by EDCTP aiming at translating research into policy and practice through scaling-up Evidence-Based Multiple focus Integrated Intensified TB Screening in the East Africa region. Dr Kimaro has also participated in a number of impactful consultancies from different organisations including UN agencies, Non-governmental organizations and universities.